The Economist: After urogeddon? 17 Frequently Asked Questions about the break-up of the euro zone

Nu het crisis is moet je The Economist lezen (als het geen crisis is trouwens ook, of The best off  hier op Welingelicht). Dan zou je hebben gezien dat The Economist Intelligence Unit een vraagbaak over de ineenstorting van de euro heeft. Zodat je bent voorbereid.
We doen hier alle vragen en 2 antwoorden. Als je alle antwoorden wilt, moet je de link volgen en een download aanvragen.

1. Can a country leave the euro?
2. What would be the likely trigger for a country leaving the euro?
3. Could a country default and stay within the euro?
4. Would an exit by one country (such as Greece) cause others to leave the euro?
5. Which countries would be most likely to stay in the euro, and which would be most likely to leave?
6. What would be the immediate economic and financial consequences for countries leaving the
euro?
7. And for the countries that stayed?
8. What would be the impact on global financial markets?
9. What would be the impact on the euro in relation to global currencies?
10. Would a global recession be inevitable if the euro collapsed?
11. What would happen to banks in countries that left the euro?
12. Could private debt in euros be enforced?
13. What would happen to sovereign debt?
14. Could EU internal market rules be maintained?
15. Would countries that exited the euro remain in the EU?
16. What levels of social and political upheaval would be expected?
17. What should businesses do now?
1. Can a country leave the euro?
Technically, no. However, we assume that under extreme circumstances, procedural and legal obstacles
would not prevent an exit. No formal mechanism exists for a country to be expelled from the euro area
or to leave of its own volition, and a comprehensively negotiated exit—if even possible—could take
years. Instead, a country might leave unilaterally, breaching many of its legal obligations to the EU,
its creditors and others. In this messy scenario, uncertainty in the interim over a country’s formal
membership status would quickly become secondary to its de facto status as a pariah. Alternatively, a
stricken country could in effect be expelled if policy institutions and fellow euro members decided to
withhold financial support, thus pushing the country towards a position in which it felt unilateral exit
was its best choice. The practical challenge of switching rapidly to a new currency—countries had years
to prepare for the introduction of the euro—would also be formidable.
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2. What would be the likely trigger for a country leaving the euro?
It is conceivable but highly unlikely that Germany or another fiscally and economically strong country
might decide to leave the euro. The more likely eventuality, which we examine here, is that of a
weak economy such as Greece leaving. The most likely initial trigger would be a disorderly sovereign
default. This could happen if the country refused to accept harsh terms for financial support; or if euro
institutions, the IMF and other euro members declined to intervene further on the grounds that the
country was failing to implement effective deficit-cutting measures. The former is most likely. Default
would wreak havoc in the domestic banking system because of banks’ sovereign debt exposure. In fear
of bank failures, panic withdrawal of funds could follow. Unless countered by the provision of sufficient
liquidity from the European Central Bank (ECB), this would in effect lead to the collapse of the banking
system, making normal commercial life impossible. At this point, the only way to restart commercial
activity could be to introduce a new national currency.

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Bron(nen):   EIU